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Exhibition

Vorarlberg –
An intergenerational Dialogue

SammlungsLab #5

Thu 05.12.2019 – Mon 10.02.2020
Wooden house with a large window and saddle roof on a meadow next to a tree and forest in the background

bernardo bader architekten House at the Moor, Krumbach, Vorarlberg, AT, 2013
© Architekturzentrum Wien

Adventurous clients, innovative architects, liberal planning and building laws, and an open-minded population are behind the high density of interesting architecture produced over five decades in Vorarlberg.

In the 1960s Friedrich Achleitner described the work of Hans Purin, one of the co-founders of the Vorarlberger Baukünstler, as a “synthesis between structural and spatial rationality”. Since then, Vorarlberg has been considered exemplary as a region in terms of resource-conserving and formally coherent architecture. However Austria’s westernmost province is no longer an Island of the Blessed. For the local population the mantra had long been: “work, work and build your own house”. Alongside individual attempts to establish concentrated housing, a large number of single-family homes have been completed — referred to locally as “wooden crates” in the countryside. With an eye on urban sprawl, the question is posed here as to the future of sustainable building.

Hans Purin, Housing estate Halde, Bludenz, Vorarlberg, AT, 1965–1967
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Friedrich Achleitner
Architektengemeinschaft C4, Kindergarten and Elementary school, Nüziders, Vorarlberg, 1959–1963
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Sammlung
Plan: Floor plan of a settlement with several connected houses
Gunter Wratzfeld, Jakob Albrecht, Eckhard Schulze-Fielitz, Achsiedlung, Bregenz, 1971–1982, site plan
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection
Courtyard situation with a playground; framed by three three-storey multi-party residential buildings with flat roofs
Gunter Wratzfeld, Jakob Albrecht, Eckhard Schulze-Fielitz, Achsiedlung, Bregenz, 1971–1982, low-level houses grouped around numerous courtyards
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Margherita Spiluttini
Plan; view of a flat building on a slope
Rudolf Wäger, Ruhwiesen housing estate, Schlins, 1971–1973, plan for submission showing the view from the south of the single-storey housing estate following the lie of the land
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection
Entrance façade of a one-storey flat building clad in wood with a glass door; flower beds in the foregroun
Rudolf Wäger, Siedlung Ruhwiesen, Schlins, 1971–1973, exterior view of the small estate of single-storey buildings
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection
Black and white view of a living room with three armchairs, a table, a shelf, a carpet and a sliding door. In the foreground a child
Rudolf Wäger, Ruhwiesen housing estate, Schlins, 1971–1973, interior view © Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Friedrich Achleitner
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Friedrich Achleitner
Terraced houses on a slope at the edge of a forest
Hans Purin, Halde housing estate, Bludenz, 1965–1967, view of the nine houses comprising the second part of the estate
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Friedrich Achleitner
Section of a window with a view into the illuminated interior with a table and benches. Next to it there is an older wooden house.
Matthias Hein, children's care centre, Kennelbach, 2017–2019, the striking wooden construction of the children's care centre in its rural setting
© photograph: David Schreyer
Child paints a black wall with a door opening and a window opening
Matthias Hein, children's care centre, Kennelbach, 2017–2019, the paintable walls of the building in the building
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection
Wood-clad courtyard with tree in the middle
Helena Weber, Haus am Fels, Feldkirch, 2012–2015, view into the atrium
© photograph: Adolf Bereuter
Facade detail with the golden lettering "Museum"
Cukrowicz Nachbaur Architekten, vorarlberg museum, Bregenz, 2007–2012, façade detail with lettering and the characteristic structure of different bottle bottoms
© photograph: Hanspeter Schiess
white entrance façade of a cuboid building with three window openings in the wall and a glass front on the ground floor
Cukrowicz Nachbaur Architekten, vorarlberg museum, Bregenz, 2007–2012, the entry façade
© photograph: Adolf Bereuter
an old man and a younger man in conversation. Mountains in the background
Karl Sillaber, member of the C4 architects' cooperative, and Matthias Hein in conversation in front of the impressive mountain setting of the primary school in Nüziders, built 1959–1963 by the C4 architects' cooperative
© photograph: Nikolai Dörler
Black and white photograph of the facade of a long flat building with several door and window openings. In the foreground dancing children in the courtyard
Architektengemeinschaft C4, primary school, Nüziders, 1959–1963, children playing in the school playground between the two classroom tracts
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection, photograph: Erika Sillaber
Wooden wall with artful struts
bernardo bader architekten, Islamic cemetery, Altach, 2007–2012, the atmospheric light situation in the courtyard
© Architekturzentrum Wien, Collection
Interior view of a one-sided open hall with wood cladding
bernardo bader architekten, Islamic cemetery, Altach, 2007–2012, view of the ornamental wooden wall and the courtyard
© photograph: Adolf Bereuter

In SammlungsLab #5 we show highlights from the Az W Collection by the Vorarlberger Baukünstler Hans Purin, Rudolf Wäger, Gunter Wratzfeld, and the architecture collective C4, and relate these to the work of more recent generations of Vorarlberg architects: ARTEC Architekten, bernardo bader architekten, Cukrowicz Nachbaur, Matthias Hein, Helena Weber. We take the intergenerational dialogue literally, and ask old and young to discuss significant buildings and protagonists. Where do and did the strengths of architecture in Vorarlberg lie, and where the blind spots? Which insights from the 1960s have not lost their topical relevance to this day?

 

The exhibition is to be shown at the vai, Vorarlberger Architektur Institut from 13.03.2020.

 

Curator: Sonja Pisarik, Az W

Assistance: Katrin Stingl, Az W

Design: Robert Rüf