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Congress

Seventh Viennese Architecture Congress

The Future of Cities - Learning from Asia

Fri 12.11.1999 – Sun 14.11.1999

Seventh Viennese Architecture Congress
© Aglaia Konrad

Correlating with key words such as globalisation, international networking and rapid growth, the Asian metropolis has crystallised out of the urbanism debate as the new focal point. The pressure of condensation of growth in cities evoked by the rapid economic rise in East Asia offers broad projection areas for visions and renewal, which are however burdened by both the myth of the unknown and exotic as well as laden with fear.

The 7th Viennese Architectural Congress takes another look at the cultures and traditions and their influence on the historical developments and social structures of everyday experience in Asian cities. It discusses the effects of the direct and indirect influence of colonialisation and of the handling of cultural identity. Necessary new positioning in the East-West conflict is also placed in the center of importance as well as questions of border demarcations between the public and private, the inner and outer realms and the role of architecture and mass culture as instruments of control. Architects and theorists discuss 5 different cities which create a view into Asia’s diversity and examine the phenomena of their velocity, density, and traditions.

Organisation and Information:
Isabella Marte
T ++43 1 522 31 15 Ext.13
F ++43 1 522 31 17
E-Mail: congress@azw.at

Press Release

Bombay – Hong Kong – Kuala Lumpur – Shanghai – Tokyo

Correlating with key words such as globalisation, international networking and rapid growth, the Asian metropolis has crystallised out of the urbanism debate as the new focal point.

While theorists and architects already speak of lost urbanism in relation to North American and European cities and condemn increasing suburbanism with the simultaneous “Disneyisation” of the inner city, the Asian metropolis presents itself as a new model representing partly threatening, partly hopeful challenges for the 21st century. Whirling images of overpopulated, seemingly chaotic, constantly proliferating urban structures are easily assimilated into the millennium euphoria of the Western world.

The pressure of condensation of growth in cities evoked by the rapid economic rise in East Asia offers broad projection areas for visions and renewal, which are however burdened by both the myth of the unknown and exotic as well as laden with fear. The creation of new, flourishing economic and financial centers brings with it dynamic cultural production which is becoming increasingly international. Imported Asian art and culture cliches have long become obvious components of our “hip” everyday urban culture. Products of ethnic tradition are absorbed under the generalising trademark of “Far East” consumer goods, culinary logos and glamorous images.

The 7th Viennese Architectural Congress takes another look at the cultures and traditions and their influence on the historical developments and social structures of everyday experience in Asian cities. It discusses the effects of the direct and indirect influence of colonialisation and of the handling of cultural identity. Necessary new positioning in the East-West conflict is also placed in the center of importance as well as questions of border demarcations between the public and private, the inner and outer realms and the role of architecture and mass culture as instruments of control.

Architects and theorists discuss 5 different cities which create a view into Asia’s diversity and examine the phenomena of their velocity, density, and traditions.

Organisation and Information:
Isabella Marte
T ++43 1 522 31 15 Ext. 13
F ++43 1 522 31 17
E-Mail: congress@azw.at

Programme and Speakers

Friday, November 12, 1999
Saturday, November 13, 1999
Sunday, November 14, 1999

Friday, November 12, 1999

3:00 p.m.
Opening
Dietmar Steiner, Director Architekturzentrum Wien

3:30 p.m.
Ramesh Kumar Biswas
Architect and cultural critic, Vienna (A)
“Out of Context: Emerging Urban Cultures”

5:00 p.m.
Heinz Nissel
Professor for Geography at the University of Vienna (A)
“Gateway of India – Bombay / Mumbai.”

6:30 p.m.
Rahul Mehrotra
Architect, Urban Design Research Institute, Bombay (Ind)
“Bombay – One Space, Two Worlds”

7:30 p.m.
Panel Discussion
“Learning from Asia?”

Saturday, November 13, 1999

2:00 p.m.
Sujata Patel
Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Pune (Ind)
“Bombay / Mumbai: From Cosmopolitanism to Chauvinism”

3:30 p.m.
Ackbar Abbas
Head of the Department of Comparative Literature at Hong Kong University (Hk)
“Cosmopolitan De-scriptions: Shanghai and Hong Kong”

5:00 p.m.
Gary Chang
Architect, EDGE Ltd., Hong Kong (Hk)
“Hong Kong: The Liquid City”

7:30 p.m.
Ken Yeang
Architect, Kuala Lumpur (ML)
“Ecological Design of Large Buildings”

Sunday, November 14, 1999

2:00 p.m.
Sepp Linhart
Head of the department of Japanese Studies at the University of Vienna (A)
“Consume, leasure and workin Tokyo”

3:30 p.m.
Botond Bognar
Professor of Architecture at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (USA)
“An Architecture of “Creative Chaos” – Tokyo and Japanese Urbanism since the 1980s”

5:00 p.m.
Sandra Buckley
Professor for Japanese Studies at the State University of New York, Albany (USA)
“Urban Movements and Cultural Bayous: Becoming Communities on the Japanese Cityscape”

7:30 p.m.
Roemer van Toorn
Head of the programme “History and Theory” at the Berlage Institute in Amsterdam (NL)
“Time in Transit. A Traveloque through the Society of The And”

Recommended Literature

The Future of Cities – Learning from Asia

You can download the literature list on the topic (Word RTF-file).

Asian Megacities: Basic Facts and Figures
Urban Management Programme for Asia and Pacific
Pura Abdullah
Kuala Lumpur, 1996

Action for Better Cities
Asia Pacific 2000
Kuala Lumpur, 1997

Hong Kong: Culture and the Politics of Disappearance
Ackbar Abbas
University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1997

Democracy and Authoritarism in Indonasia and Malaysia
The Rise of the Post-Colonial State
Syed Farid Alatas
St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1997

Urban Process and Power
Peter Ambrose
Routledge, London/NY, 1994

Metropolis 2000: Planning Poverty and Politics
Thomas Angotti
Routledge, London/NY, 1993

Housing the Poor: the Asian Experience
Asian Coalition for Housing Rights
Eduardo Jorge Anzorena
Cebu City, 1993

The Hidden Order: Tokyo Through the Twentieth Century
Yoshinobu Ashihara (ed.)
Kodansha America Inc., 1992

An Architecture of Independence
The Making of Modern South Asia
Kazi Khaleed Ashraf, James Belluardo (eds.)
Princeton Architectural Press, NY, 1999

Healthy Cities
John Ashton (ed.)
Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1992

Japan von Aids bis Zen
Referate des Achten Japanologentages, Sept. 1990 in Wien
Eva Bachmayer (Hg.)
Institut für Japanologie, Wien, 1998

Between the Lines: Asians and Postcoloniality
Deepika Bahri, Mary Vasudeva
Temple University Press, 1996

Modern Girls, Shining Stars, the Skies of Tokyo: 5 Japanese Women
Phyllis Birnbaum
Columbia University Press, NY 1999

The Local & Global: Management of Cities in the Information Age
Jordi Borja, Manuel Castells
Earthscan Publications, London, 1997

The Japan Guide
Botond Bognar
Princeton Architectural Press, NY, 1995

Japan: Architecture at the Cutting Edge
Botond Bognar
1999

World Cities: Tokyo
Botond Bognar
West Sussex, 1997

Kursbuch Stadt. Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende
Stefan Bollmann (Red.)
Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart, 1999

Children of the Cities
Jo Boyden, Pat Holden
Zed Books, London/New Jersey, 1991

The City of Collective Memory
Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments
Christine M. Boyer
MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1994

CyberCities: Visual Perception in the Age of Electronic Communication
Christine M. Boyer
Princeton Architectural Press, NY, 1996

Environmental Consciousness and Urban Planning
Tracts for the Times Series-2
M.N. Buch
Orient Longman, New Delhi, 1993

Broken Silence: Voices of Japanese Feminism
Sandra Buckley
University of California Press, Berkeley, 1997

Contagion
in: Anywise
Sandra Buckley
MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1996

Asian Urbanization: Problems and Processes
Frank J. Costa (et.al)
Gebr. Bornträger, Berlin, 1988

Urbanization in Asia
Spatial Dimensions and Policy Issues
Frank J. Costa (et.al)
University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1989

Urban Crime: Global Trends and Policies
Hernando Gomez Buendia (ed.).
United Nations University, Tokyo, 1989

The Challenges of Hong Kong’s Reintegration with China
Ming Chan
Hong Kong University Press, HongKong, 1997

National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema 1847-1987
Sumita S. Chakravarty, Thomas G. Schatz
University of Texas Press, Houston, 1994

The Informational City
Information, Technology, Economic Restructuring, and the Urban-Regional Process
Manuel Castells
Blackwell Publishers, London, 1991

The Information age
1. The Rise of the Network Society
Manuel Castells
Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass., 1996

The Information age
2. The Power of Identity
Manuel Castells
Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass., 1998

The Information age
3. End of Millennium
Manuel Castells
Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass., 1998

Comparing Asian Politics: India, China and Japan
Sue Ellen Charlton
Westview, Boulder, 1997

The Other Hong Kong Report
Joseph Y.S. Cheng (ed.).
Chinese University Press, HongKong, 1997

Engendering Hong Kong Society
A Gender Perspective of Women’s Status
Fanny M. Cheung (ed.)
Chinese University Press, HK 1997

In Service and Servitude
Foreign Female Domestic Workers and the Malaysian “Modernity” Project
Christine B. N. Chin
Columbia University Press, NY, 1998

Contemporary Urban Japan: A Sociology of Consumption
J. R. Clammer
Blackwell Publishers, London, 1997

Urban World/Global City
David Clark.
Routledge, London, 1996

The Cinematic City
David Clark.
Routledge, London/NY, 1997

Architecture and Authority in Japan
William H. Coaldrake
Routledge, London, 1996

Coping with Bad Global Image
Human Rights in the People’s Republic of China, 1993-1994
John Copper, Lee Ta-ling
University Press of America, Lanham MD, 1997

The Hong Kong Story
Caroline Courtauld, May Holdsworth
Oxford University Press, NY, 1997

Government and Society in Malaysia (Asia East by South)
Harold Crouch
Cornell University Press, 1996

City of Quartz
Mike Davis
Vintage, NY, 1992

Anywise
Cynthia Davidson (ed.)
MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1996

In the Cities of the South: Scenes from a Developing World
Jeremy Deabrook
Verso, London, 1996

The Practice of Everyday Life
Michel de Certeau
University of California Press, Berkeley, 1984

Community Participation and Slum Housing
A Study of Bombay
Vandana Desai
Sage Publications, 1995

The Construction of Racial Identities in China an Japan
Frank Dikotter (ed.)
University of Hawaii Press, 1997

The Third World City
David Drakakis-Smith
Routledge, London/New York, 1987

A Documentary History of Hong Kong: Society
David Faure (ed.)
Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 1997

Network for Urban Action
A Guide on the Who, What, and Where on Urban Management in Asia and the Pacific
Anwar Fazal, Sri Husnaini Sofjan
UMPAP/UNDP, Kuala Lumpur, 1997

Services for the Urban Poor: A Selected Bibliography
Richard Franceys, Andrew Cotton
Intermediary Technology Publications Center, London, 1993

China’s Gentry: Essays in Rural-Urban Relations
Hsiao Tung Fei
University of Chicago Press, 1980

Cities, Poverty and Development: Urbanization in the Third World
Alan Gilbert, Josef Gugler
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992

The Social Production of Urban Space
Mark Gottdiener
University of Texas Press, Austin, 1985

Kultur in der Stadt
Stadtsoziologische Analysen zur Kultur
Albrecht Göschel (Hg.)
Leske + Budrich, Opladen, 1998

Telecommunications and the City
Electronic Spaces, Urban Places
Stephen Graham, Simon Marvin
Routledge, London, 1996

The Urbanization of the Third World
Josef Gugler (ed.)
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990

Poitical Sociology in India: Contemporary Trends
Dipankar Gupta
South Asia Books, 1996

Health, Poverty and Development in India
Monika Das Gupta (et.al. eds)
Oxford University Press, 1996

Craftsmen and Merchants
Essays in South Indian Urbanism
Narqani Gupta
South Asia Books, 1993

Switching Channels: Ideologies of Television in India
Nilanjana Gupta
Oxford University Press, 1998

Cities of Tomorrow
An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century, Updated ed.
Peter Hall
Blackwell, Oxford, 1996

Cities on The Move
Hou Hanru, Hans Ulrich Obrist (ed.)
Verlag Gert Hatje, Ostfildern, 1997

Cities in the 1990s
The Challenge for Developing Countries
Nigel Harris
University College London, London, 1992

Housing Crisis in Central Asia
Arif Hassan
City Press, Karachi, 1997

Income Inequality and Poverty in Malaysia
Shireen Mardziah Hashim
Rowman & Littlefield, 1999

The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History
Dolores Hayden
MIT Press, Cambridge, 1995

Yaogun-yinyue – Jugend-, Subkultur und Rockmusik in China
Politische und gesellschaftliche Hintergründe eines neuen Phänomens
Thomas Heberer (Hg.)
Literatur-Verlag, Münster, 1994

Taoho Design: Searching for Order Within Chaos
Tao Ho
L’Arca Ed., Milano, 1998

Shanghai and the Yangtze Delta
A City Reborn
Brian Hook (ed.)
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998

The Individual and the State in China
Brian Hook (ed.).
Osford University Press, Oxford, 1994

Guide to Asian Studies in Europe
International Institute for Asian Studies
IIAS, Leiden, 1998

Possible Urban Worlds
Urban Strategies at the End of the 20th Century
Inura (ed.)
Princeton Architectural Press, NY 1997

Architecture 1960-1990
Arata Isozaki
Rizzoli Publishers, NY, 1991

Visions of Japan
Arata Isozaki
The Japan Festival Committee, London, 1991

The Age of Hirohito: In Search of Modern Japan
Daikichi Irokawa (ed.)
1995

Transforming Cities
New Spatial Divisions and Social Transformation
Nick Jewson, Susan MacGregor
Routledge, London, 1999

Culture and the City in East Asia
Won Bae Kim, Mike Douglass, Sang-Chuel Choe (eds.)
Oxford University Press, 1997

Urbanism, Colonialism, and the World-Economy
Cultural and Spatial Foundations of the World Urban System
Anthony D. King
Routledge, London, 1990

Re-Presenting the City
Ethnicity, Capital & Culture in the Twenty-First Centruy Metropolis
Anthony D. King
New York University Press, NY, 1996

China. A New History
Jong King, Merle Goldman
Harvard University Press. Cambridge, Mass., 1998

Generic City
Rem Koolhaas
Tokyo, 1996

Political Attitudes in a Changing Context
The Case of Hong Kong
Hsin-chi Kuan, Siu-kai Lau
Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1997

Hong Kong’s Colonial Legacy
A Hong Kong Chinese’s View of the British Heritage
C.K. Lau
Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1997

Bicycle Citizens: The Political World of the Japanese Housewife
Robin M. Leblanc, Saskia Sassen
University of California Press, 1999

The City Reader
Richard LeGates, Frederic Stout
Routledge, London, 1996

The Production of Space
Henri Lefebvre
Blackwell, Oxford, 1984

Die Revolution der Städte
Henri Lefebvre
Athenäum, Frankfurt/Main, 1990

Hong Kong Sar
In Pursuit of Domestic and International Order
Beatrice Leung, Joseph Cheng (eds.)
Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1997

Perspectives on Hong Kong Society
Benjamin K.P. Leung
Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 1996

Women in Cities
Gender and the Urban Environment
Jo Little, Linda Peake, Pat Richardson (eds.)
Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1988

The Culture of Japan as Seen Through Its Leisure
SUNY series Japan in Transition
Sepp Linhart, Sabine Frühstück (Hg.)
State Univ. of New York Press, Albany, NY, 1998

Culture and Society in the Asia-Pacific
Richard Maidment, Colin Mackerras
Routledge. London, 1999

Japan: Why it Works, Why it Doesn’t
Economics in Everyday Life
James Mak (ed.)
University of Hawaii Press, 1998

Capital Culture: Gender at Work in the City
Linda McDowell
Blackwell Publishers, 1997

Asia-Pacific in the New World Order
Antony McGrew, Christopher Brook (eds.)
Routledge, London, 1998

The Mega-Urban Regions of South East Asia
T.G. McGee, Ira M. Robinson (eds.)
UBC Press, Vancouver, 1995

The Idea of the City
Robin Middleton (ed.)
Architectural Foundation, London, 1996

Urbanisation, Slums, Informal Sector Employment and Poverty
An Exploratory Study
Arup Mitra
B.R. Publishing, Delhi, 1994

India Through the Western Lens
Creating National Images in Film
Ananda Mitra
1999

Dharma’s Daughters
Contemporary Indian Women and Hindu Culture
Sara S. Mitter
Rutgers University Press, 1991

Spaces of Identity
Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries
David Morley, Kevin Robins
Routledge, London, 1995

Re-Inventing Japan
Time, Space, Nation (Japan in the Modern World)
Tessa Morris-Suzuki
Sharpe Publ., 1998

Re-Inventing Japan
Nation, Culture, Identity
Tessa Morris-Suzuki
Sharpe Publ., 1997

The Technological Transformation of Japan
From the Seventeenth to the Twenity-First Century
Tessa Morris-Suzuki
1994

Multicultural Japan: Palaeolithic to Postmodern
Tessa Morris-Suzuki (et.al. ed)
1997

A Decent Place to Live: Urban Poor in Asia
Denis Murphy
Asain Coalition for Housing Rights, Bangkok, 1990

The Secret Politics of Our Desires
Nation, Culture and Gender in Indian Popular Cinema
Ashis Nandy (ed.)
Zed Books, London, 1998

Barbaric Others: A Manifesto on Western Racism
Ashis Nandy (et.al.ed)
1993

Science, Hegemony and Violence: A Requiem for Modernity
Ashis Nandy
1994

Stadt-Welt
Die Zukunft des Städtischen
Peter Noller, Walter Prigge, Klaus Ronneberger (Hg.)
Frankfurt/NY, 1994

City Life
Essays on Urban Culture
Heinz Paetzold (ed.)
Van Eyck Akademie, Maastricht, 1998

The Art and Architecture of Japan
Robert Treat Paine, Alexander C. Soper
1992

Bombay: Mosaic of Modern Culture
Sujata Patel
South Asia Books, 1995

Bombay: Mosaic of Arts and Letters
Sujata Patel, Alice Thorner (eds.)
1995

Bombay: Metaphor for Modern India
Sujata Patel (ed.)
Oxford University Press, Bombay, 1995

Reason and Passion
Representations of Gender in a Malay Society
Michael G. Peletz
University of California Press, 1996

The Body and the City
Psychoanalysis, Space and Subjectivity
Steve Pile
Routledge, London, 1996

Positions
East Asia Cultures Critique
Duke University Press

Women in Asia
Restoring Women to History
Barbara N. Ramusack, Sharon Sievers (eds.)
Indiana University Press, 1999

Japanese Cinema
An Introduction (Images of Asia)
Donald Richie
1990

A Lateral View
Essays on Culture and Style in Contemporary Japan
Donald Richie
1992

Bombay to Mumbai
Changing Perspectives
Rohatgi (ed.)
Marg Publications, 1997

Media Effects and Beyond
Culture, Socialization and Lifestyles
Karl Eric Rosengreen
Routledge, London, 1995

Revamping Urban Governments in India
Pradeep Sachdeva (ed.)
Kitab Mahal, New Delhi, 1995

Japanese Labour and Management in Transition
Diversity, Flexibility and Participation
Mari Sako, Hiroko Sato
Routledge, London, 1998

Metropolen des Weltmarkts
Die neue Rolle der Global Cities
Saskia Sassen
Frankfurt a. M., 1996

The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo
Saskia Sassen
Princeton University Press, NY, 1991

Globalization and its Discontents
Saskia Sassen
The New Press, NY, 1998

The Encyclopedia of Japanese Pop Culture
Mark Schilling
Weatherhill, 1997

Tagebuch eines Heimgekehrten
Der Entwurf ästhetischer Gegenwelten als Kritik an der Modernisierung Japans
Evelyn Schultz. Nagai Kafu
Lit-Verlag, Münster, 1997

The Fate of Hong Kong
Gerald Segal
St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1993

Asian Pop Cinema: Bombay to Tokyo
Lee Server
1999

Amusement Facilities
Karaoke Rooms, Game Parks, Amusement Complexes
Shotenkenchiku-Sha
Nippan Books, 1994

Flowers in Salt
The Beginnings of Feminist Consciousness in Modern Japan
Sharon Sievers
Stanford University Press, 1986

Staying Alive
Women, Ecology and Survival in India
Vandana Shiva
Zed Books, 1988

Urban Poor
Their Housing Needs and Government Response
Promila Suri
Har-Anand Publications, New Delhi 1994

The Asia-Pacific Profile
The Open University Pacific Studies Catalogue
Routledge, London, 1998

Culture and Society in the Asia-Pacific
The Open University Pacific Studies Catalogue
Routledge, London, 1998

Re-Made in Japan
Everyday Life and Consumer Taste in a Changing Society
Joseph J. Tobin (ed.)
Yale University Press, 1994

Technologial Change and the City
Patrick Troy (ed.)
The Federation Press, Sydney, 1995

Democracy, Development and the Countryside
Urban-Rural Struggles in India
Ashutosh Varshney
Cambridge University Press, 1998

Environment and Development in a Resource-Rich Economy
Malaysia Under the New Economic Policy
Jeffrey R. Vincent, Rozali Mohamed Ali, Yii Tan Chang
Harvard University Press, 1997

Asian Cult Cinema
Thomas Weisser
Berkley Publishing Group, 1997

Contemporary Japan and Popular Culture
John Whittier Treat (ed.)
University of Hawaii Press, 1996

Asia in Western Fiction
Robin W. Winks, James R. Rush
University of Hawaii Press, 1990

The Sphinx in the City
Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women
Elizabeth Wilson
Virago Press, London, 1991

Shanghai
Transformation and Modernization under China’s Open Policy
Y. M. Yeung, Sung Yung-wing (eds)
Hong Kong, 1996

The Cultures of Cities
Sharon Zukin
Blackwell, New York, 1995

Links

Architecture + Urbanism
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Architecture + Urbanism

Architecture Asia – The architect & design network for Asia
local urban improvement initiatives in the Asian-Pacific region
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Ackbar Abbas
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